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Common Shipping Terms


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Tallyman / Clerk
A person who records the number of cargo items together with the condition thereof at the time it is loaded into or discharged from a vessel.

Tank Container
A tank, surrounded by a framework with the overall dimensions of a container for the transport of liquids or gasses in bulk.

Tanker
A vessel designed for the carriage of liquid cargo in bulk.

Tare Weight of Container
Mass of an empty container including all fittings and appliances associated with that particular type of container on its normal operating condition.

Tariff
The schedule of rates, charges and related transport conditions.

Terminal
A location on either end of a transportation line including servicing and handling facilities.

Terms of Delivery
All the conditions agreed upon between trading partners regarding the delivery of goods and the related services.
Note: Under normal circumstances the INCO terms are used to prevent any misunderstandings.

Terms of Freight
All the conditions agreed upon between a carrier and a merchant about the type of freight and charges due to the carrier and whether these are prepaid or are to be collected.
Note: The so-called Combi terms based on the INCO terms do make a distinction what of the freight and related costs is to be paid by the seller and what by the buyer. In the UN recommendation 23 a coding system is recommended to recognise the various items.

Tonnage
- Cubic capacity of a merchant vessel
- Total weight or amount of cargo expressed in tons

Tracing
The action of retrieving information concerning the whereabouts of cargo, cargo items, consignments or equipment.

Track & Trace
The pro-active tracking of the product along the supply chain, and the paper information flow relating to the order.

Tracking
The function of maintaining status information, including current location, of cargo, cargo items, consignments or containers either full or empty.

Trailer
A vehicle without motive power, designed for the carriage of cargo and to be towed by a motor vehicle.

Trailer on Flat Car
Abbreviation: TOFC
Carriage of piggyback highway trailers on specially equipped railway wagons.

Tramp Vessel
A vessel not operating under a regular schedule.

Transhipment
- A shipment under one Bill of Lading, whereby sea (ocean) transport is 'broken' into two or more parts. The port where the sea (ocean) transport is 'broken' is the transhipment port
- Transfer of cargo from one means of transport to another for on-carriage during the course of one transport operation
- Customs: Customs procedure under which goods are transferred under customs control from the importing means of transport to the exporting means of transport within the area of one customs office which is the office of both importation and exportation

Transit Cargo
Cargo between outwards customs clearance and inwards customs clearance
Cargo arriving at a point and departing there-from by the same through flight (air cargo)

Transport
The assisted movement of people and or goods.
Note: Transport is often used as a generic term for various means of transport, and is distinguished from 'movement' in that it requires such means.

Transport Document
Document evidencing a contract of carriage between a shipowner and a consignor, such as bill of lading, seawaybill or a multimodal transport document. (IMO)
See Shipping DocumentTwenty Foot Equivalent Unit
Abbreviation: TEU
Unit of measurement equivalent to one twenty foot container.

Type of Cargo
An indication of the sort of cargo to be transported, (e.g. Break Bulk, Containerised, RoRo).

Type of Equipment
The type of material used, e.g. 40 feet container, four way pallet or mafi trailer.

Type of Movement
Description of the service for movement of containers.
Note: The following type of movement can be indicated on B/L and Manifest all combinations of FCL and LCL and break bulk and RoRo. Whilst only on the manifest combinations of House, Yard and CFS can be mentioned.

Type of Packing
Description of the packaging material used to wrap, contain and protect goods to be transported.